PCLL Conversion Notes  PCLL Conversion Notes - HK Civil Procedure

What's in the Hong Kong Civil Procedure Notes & Model Exam Answers (Past Paper Answers)?

Our Hong Kong Civil Procedure Notes & Model Exam Answers (Past Paper Answers) will provide you with a clear and complete synthesis of the most important points you need for your Hong Kong Civil Procedure PCLL Conversion exam. The table of contents of our Hong Kong Civil Procedure Notes & Model Exam Answers (Past Paper Answers) is shown below.

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Table of Contents for Hong Kong Civil Procedure Notes


1.           Introduction.. 6

A.     How to use Conversion Notes. 6

B.      Abbreviations. 6

2.           Overview of the conduct of civil litigation in the District Court and the High Court. 7

A.     nJurisdiction of the District Court 7

B.      Jurisdiction of the High Court 7

C.      Transfer of an action between the district court and the high court 7

3.           Consideration prior to the commencement of an action: time limitation, legal aid and jurisdiction of the courts. 7

A.     Limitation Period.. 7

B.      Costs only proceedings. 8

C.      Legal Aid.. 8

i.          Type of proceedings. 9

ii.         Eligibility. 9

iii.        Costs implication if a party is legally aided. 9

4.           Underlying objectives of the High Court and District Court Rules. 9

A.     The courts’ underlying objectives. 9

B.      The courts’ case management powers. 10

5.           Commencement of proceedings by writs and originating summonses. 10

A.     Methods of commencing proceedings. 10

i.          Writ of Summons. 10

B.      Validity and renewal of the writ 11

6.           Service of Process. 11

A.     Service within the jurisdiction.. 11

B.      Service on individuals. 12

i.          Service through letter box or registered box. 12

ii.         Service through defendant’s solicitor 12

iii.        Deemed service where writ not duly served. 12

iv.        Service on agent of overseas principal 12

v.         Service pursuant to contract 13

vi.        Service by agreement of parties. 13

C.      Service on body corporate. 13

i.          Company registered under Companies Ordinance. 13

1)         Company with registered office. 13

2)         Company with no registered office. 13

ii.         Service on overseas company carrying on business in HK. 13

D.     Service on partnership.. 14

E.      Substituted service. 14

F.      Service on persons under disability. 14

G.     Service out of the jurisdiction.. 15

H.     Acknowledgement of Service. 15

7.           Pleadings. 16

A.     The definition and purpose of pleadings. 16

B.      The order of pleadings. 16

i.          Statement of Claim.. 16

ii.         Defence and Counterclaim.. 16

iii.        Reply and Defence to Counterclaim.. 16

iv.        Close of pleadings. 16

C.      General rules of pleadings. 16

D.     Verification by Statement of Truth.. 17

E.      The purpose of further and better particulars. 17

8.           Parties and Joinder. 18

A.     Third party proceedings. 18

i.          Leave and Third party notice. 18

ii.         Rights and obligations of the third party. 18

iii.        Position of the defendant and the third party. 18

iv.        Third party directions. 19

B.      Contribution notice. 19

C.      Joinder of parties by plaintiff/by defendant/by the court 20

i.          Mandatory joinder of plaintiffs. 20

ii.         Legal representatives of joined plaintiffs. 20

iii.        Optional joinder of parties. 20

iv.        Joinder of defendants who are jointly and/or severally liable. 20

v.         Overriding discretion of the court 20

D.     Joinder of causes of action.. 21

E.      Consolidation of actions or order for separate trials. 21

i.          Consolidation. 21

ii.         Separate trial 21

F.      The interpleader procedure. 22

9.           Summary disposal of actions: default judgment and summary judgment  22

A.     Summary judgment: general principles. 22

B.      Summary judgment: timing and procedure. 23

C.      Summary judgment: possible outcomes and the appeal procedure. 23

i.          Granting Summary Judgment 23

ii.         Leave to defend. 24

iii.        Dismiss the application. 24

iv.        Appealing summary judgment 24

D.     Default judgment: general principles. 24

i.          Order 13. 24

ii.         Order 19. 25

E.      Setting aside default judgments (regular and irregular) 26

i.          Regular 26

ii.         Irregular 26

10.       Interlocutory and ex parte proceedings. 27

A.     Striking out a writ or pleadings. 27

i.          No reasonable cause of action or defence. 27

ii.         Scandalous, frivolous, vexatious. 27

iii.        Prejudice, embarrass or delay the fair trial of the action. 28

B.      Dismissal of an action for want of prosecution.. 28

C.      Application for an interim payment 28

i.          Order for interim payment in respect of damages. 28

ii.         Interim payments in respect of sums other than damages. 29

iii.        Manner of payment 29

iv.        Non-disclosure of interim payment 29

D.     Discovery and inspection of documents. 29

i.          Automatic discovery. 29

ii.         General discovery. 30

iii.        List of documents. 30

iv.        Inspection and production of documents. 31

E.      Extraordinary forms of discovery. 31

F.      Interrogatories. 32

i.          General principles. 32

ii.         Interrogatories without order 32

iii.        Ordered interrogatories. 32

G.     Exchange of witness statements and expert reports. 32

i.          Expert report 33

H.     Code of Conduct for expert witnesses. 33

I.       Case management summons, case management conference and pre-trial review Case management timetable and milestone dates. 33

i.          Case management summons. 33

ii.         Case management conference and Timetable. 34

iii.        Milestone dates. 35

J.       Setting a case down for trial 35

K.      Interlocutory injunctions. 35

L.      Mareva injunctions and Anton Piller orders. 36

i.          Mareva injunctions. 36

ii.         Anton piller orders. 37

11.       Payments into Court and Settlement. 37

A.     Admissions in money claims. 37

i.          Period for making admission. 37

ii.         Request for judgment 37

B.      Offers to settle and payments into Court- Sanctioned offers and Sanctioned Payments. 38

i.          Sanctioned offers. 38

1)         Withdrawal or diminishing a sanctioned offer 38

ii.         Sanctioned payment 39

1)         Withdrawal or diminution of sanctioned payment 39

iii.        Acceptance. 39

1)         Acceptance by plaintiff 39

2)         Acceptance by defendant 40

iv.        Rejection. 40

C.      Terminating an action by order of the Court: consent orders, Tomlin orders. 41

D.     Terminating an action by withdrawal or discontinuance. 41

1)         Discontinuance without leave. 41

2)         Discontinuance of action with leave. 42

3)         Effect of discontinuance. 42

12.       Aspects of a civil trial. 42

A.     Conduct of the trial 42

B.      Judgment 43

13.       Costs. 43

A.     Security for costs. 43

B.      Solicitor and own client costs. 44

C.      Costs of interlocutory applications. 44

D.     Recoverable costs of litigation: court’s discretion and orders for costs. 45

E.      Wasted costs orders. 46

F.      The bases of taxation.. 47

i.          Party and Party basis, indemnity basis and common fund basis. 47

ii.         Trustee basis. 47

G.     Summary assessment of costs. 48

14.       Civil Appeals. 48

A.     Interlocutory appeals. 48

1)         District Court Decisions. 48

2)         Court of First Instance Decisions. 49

3)         Court of Appeal 49

B.      Appealing a judgment 49

C.      Appeals to the Court of Appeal 49

D.     Appeals to the Court of Final Appeal 50

i.          More than $1,000,000. 50

ii.         Less than $1,000,000 or interlocutory judgment 50

iii.        Seeking leave. 50

15.       Enforcement of Judgments. 50

A.     Overall strategy regarding enforcement of a judgment 50

B.      Writs of fi fa. 51

C.      Garnishee proceedings. 51

i.          Order nisi 51

ii.         Order Absolute. 52

D.     Charging orders and stop notices. 52

i.          Order nisi 53

ii.         Order absolute. 53

iii.        Stop notices. 54

E.      Oral examination of the judgment debtor 54

i.          Order 48. 54

ii.         Order 49B. 54

F.      Prohibition orders. 55

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